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Police Radar Handbook

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1 -- SPEED MEASURING SYSTEMS

1.1 -- Police Traffic Radar
-- Microwave Radar
-- Photo Radar
-- Laser Radar
-- Microwave versus Laser Radar


1.2 -- Timing Systems (Clocking)
-- Automatic Timing Systems
-- Manual Timing Systems
-- Timing System Errors


1.3 -- Pacing
-- Speedometers
-- Tire Specifications

Chapter 2 -- THE COSINE EFFECT

2.1 -- Cosine Effect Error
-- Setup
-- Traffic on a Curve
-- Cosine Error Graph


2.2 -- Cosine Effect Minimum Range

2.3 -- Moving Radar Cosine Effect
-- Cosine Effect Error
-- Minimum Range

Chapter 3 -- MICROWAVE RADAR

3.1 -- Police Doppler Radar
3.1a -- Moving Mode Doppler

3.2 -- Antenna Beam
-- Beamwidth
-- Beam Pattern


3.3 -- Radar Configurations
-- Configurations and Modes
-- Displays, Status and Fault Indicators
-- Motorcycle Operation


3.4 -- Test and Calibration
-- Operator Testing
-- Tuning Forks
-- Laboratory / Shop Calibration


3.5 -- Operational Problems
-- Dense Traffic
-- Accuracy and Acceleration
-- Instant-On Start-up Time
-- Strong Signals and Receiver Saturation
-- Scanning Error
-- Panning Error
-- Multi-Path


3.6 -- Vehicle Echo Size
-- Radar Cross Section (RCS)
-- Automobile RCS
-- Multiple Vehicles


3.7 -- Moving Mode Radar Problems
-- Patrol Speed Shadowing
-- Shadowing from Moving Vehicles
-- Batching or Speed Bumping


3.8 -- Interference
-- Interference Types
-- Field Disturbance Sensors
-- Natural and Unintentional Radiation


3.9 -- Other Situations
-- Marine Radar
-- Radar in a Tunnel


3.10 -- US DOT Radar Test
-- Recommendations
Chapter 4 -- Across-the-Road Radar

4.1 -- Photo Radar
-- Alignment Speed Errors
-- Speed Measurement Uncertainty

Chapter 5 -- Laser Radar (Lidar)

5.1 -- Introduction to Lidar
-- Infrared Spectrum
-- Range and Speed Measurements
-- Laser Systems


5.2 -- Lidar Operations
-- Physical Configurations
-- Beamwidth
-- Detection Range
-- Test and Calibration


5.3 -- Lidar Operations Problems
-- Acceleration Limits
-- Scanning or Sweeping Error
-- Aiming and Alignment Errors
-- Range Resolution

Chapter 6 -- Before / After a Speeding Ticket

6.1 -- Motoring Tips
-- Driving Tips
-- Traffic-Stops


6.2 -- ELectronic Countermeasuress
-- Scams
-- Radar Detectors
-- Jammers

6.2a -- Radar Detector Detectors

6.3 -- The Courtroom
-- Radar / Speed Requirements
-- Take it to Court?
-- The Cosine Effect Defense

Chapter 7 -- FREQUENCY AND WAVELENGTH

7.1 -- Frequency Bands
-- Frequency Multipliers
-- Police Radar Frequencies
-- Frequency Band Designations
-- Sound Waves


7.2 -- Electromagnetic Waves
-- Electromagnetic Wave Parameters
-- Electromagnetic Wave Propagation
-- Power, Electric and Magnetic Fields

Chapter 8 -- Radio Frequency (RF) Health Issues

8.1 -- RF Biological Effects

8.2 -- RF Radiation Standards
-- American National Standards Institute
-- Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers

Appendix A -
Acceleration Paramteters

Appendix B -
Constants / Conversions

Additional Reading

Author CV

CopRadar.com
Police Radar Handbook

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